Diabetes and Exercise: How can help my diabetes?
Exercise can help control weight and reduce blood sugar. It also reduces the risk of heart disease, a common condition in people with diabetes. Exercise is also beneficial for you to feel better and improve overall health condition.
What is the recommended exercise for you? Diabetes and Exercise
When you start an exercise program, go slowly. Gradually increase the intensity and duration of your physical activity as you get better. You can take advice from your doctor.
Is there a risk for exercise for people with diabetes?
Yes, but the benefits far outweigh the risks. Exercise changes the way the body reacts to insulin. Regular exercise makes your body more sensitive to insulin, and your blood sugar may be too low (this is called hypoglycemia) after you exercise. You may need to check your blood sugar before and after exercise. Your doctor can tell you what your blood sugar level should be before and after exercise.
If your blood sugar level is too low or too high just before the time you planned to exercise, it is best to wait until the level improves. It is especially important to be aware of your blood sugar if you exercise in very hot or very cold conditions because the temperature affects the way the body absorbs insulin.
Benefits of exercise if you have diabetes: Diabetes and Exercise
Physical exercise has important health benefits for all people, with and without diabetes. In fact, sedentary lifestyle habits may favor the onset of chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. The relationship between diabetes and physical exercise will be different depending on the type of diabetes (1 or 2).
If your diabetes is type 1
If your diabetes is type 1, keep in mind that exercise can cause a decrease, increase or maintenance of your blood glucose values, depending on the circumstances in which you do it and whether or not you have made a previous adjustment of your Dose of insulin. If you exercise you can control your glucose levels with lower insulin doses. In addition, it will have favorable effects on high blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors, as well as the psychological benefits that will bring you having to inject less insulin. It is important that you take into account the type of treatment you follow and the time at which you perform the exercise.
If your diabetes is type 2
In case you have type 2 diabetes, physical exercise leads to an improvement in insulin sensitivity, which is beneficial for you: Type 2 diabetes is characterized, in many cases, by an insulin resistance.
Which exercises are most appropriate?
The most recommended exercises are aerobic: walking, running or swimming, performed three to five times a week for 20-60 minutes.
Activities with moderate or low intensities are also recommended, as they offer a better balance between the benefits you will get and the possible risks.
When exercising, you must take into account several factors, including the existence or not of complications of diabetes. In the initial stages practice activities that can be performed at a constant intensity: walking or cycling.